The game of Ice Hockey was developed in the 19th century as an outdoor sport in Canada.
In the year 1917 the National Hockey league was started.
For 25 seasons between 1942-43 season and the 1967 season only six teams made up the National Hockey League. These teams were:
Chicago Black Hawks
Detroit Red Wings
New York Rangers
Toronto Maple Leafs
Assist: The pass or passes which immediately precede a successful scoring attempt; a maximum of two assists are credited for one goal.
Backhand Shot: A shot or pass made with the stick from the left side by a right-handed player or from the right side by a left-handed player.
Center or Center Forward: The center player in the forward line who usually leads his team’s attack when they are trying to score a goal; he takes part in most of the face-offs; he controls the puck and tries to score or pass it to a teammate who is in a better position to score a goal.
Defensemen: Two players who make up a team’s defensive unit usually stationed in or near their defensive zone to help the goalie guard against attack; sometimes they lead an attack. The left defenseman covers the left half of the rink, the right defenseman plays to the right, but they can skate into each other’s territory.
Empty-Net Goal: A goal scored against a team that has pulled the goalie.
Face-Off: The method of starting play; the dropping of the puck by the official between the sticks of two opposing players standing one stick length apart with stick blades flat on the ice; used to begin each period or to resume play when it has stopped for other reasons.
Forehand: A shot or pass taken from the right side of a right-handed player or from the left side of a left-handed player.
Goal: Provides one point; scored when a puck goes between the goalposts from the stick of an attacking player and entirely crosses the red line between the goalposts; also the informal term used to refer to the area made of the goalposts and the net guarded by the goalie and into which a puck must enter to score a point.
Hat Trick: Three or more goals scored by a player in one game.
High-Sticking: A minor penalty which occurs when a player carries his stick above the normal height of his opponent’s shoulders and hits or menaces the opponent with it; if injury is caused it becomes a major penalty; if a referee determines that the raising of the stick was unintentional and no contact occurred, it is considered a team infraction, and a face-off is held in the offender's defensive zone.
Penalty Box: An area with a bench just off the ice, behind the sideboards outside the playing area where penalized players serve their penalty time.
Power Play: An attack by a team at full strength against a team playing one man (or two men) shorthanded because of a penalty (or penalties) which resulted in a player on the opposing team receiving penalty-box time.
Slap Shot: A shot in which the player raises his stick in a back swing, with his strong hand held low on the shaft and his other hand on the end as a pivot. Then as the stick comes down toward the puck, the player leans into the stick to put all his power behind the shot and add velocity to the puck; achieves an extremely high speed (up to 120 miles per hour) but is less accurate than a wrist shot.
Wrist Shot: A shot made using a strong flicking of the wrist and forearm muscles, with the stick blade kept on the ice; it is slower but more accurate than a slap shot.
PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASS RULES
The Blade of the stick may not go above one’s waist at any time. If it does, the person who breaks the rule will have to sit out for 2 minutes in the penalty box. If he or she breaks this rule twice in one class period he or she will sit out the rest of class and lose all participation points for the day.
Checking or using one’s stick to harm another will result in disciplinary action depending on the severity of the foul.