In the year 1895 William G. Morgan created the game of Volleyball at the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in Holyoke, Massachusetts.
When the game was first created it was played using a Tennis net the was hung 6 feet, 6 inches off of the floor.
The first volleyball game was played at Springfield College on July 7th, 1896.
In 1916 the strategy of using the set and spike was introduced in the Philippines.
In 1928 the United States Volleyball Association, which is now known as USA Volleyball, was formed.
In the 1964 Olympics, that was played in Tokyo, the game of volleyball was introduced.
Rules of the Game
Object of the Game – Volleyball is a game in which players from opposing teams volley (hit) the ball back and forth over a mid-court net. The players on each team try to volley the ball to the floor of their opponent’s court.
When serving one can stand anywhere behind the service line.
The serve comes from the “Right Back” position.
Each team gets three hits to get the ball across the net.
The desired hitting sequence to get the ball over the net is: pass (bump), set, hit (spike).
A volleyball match is the best of 5 games (a team must beat their opponent 3 out of 5 games).
Games are played to 25 points. You must win by at least 2 points
If a match goes to a 5th and deciding game, the game is played up to 15 points (win by 2).
In matches played with “Rally Scoring” (the way we play in class) a point is scored on every dead ball.
If the receiving team wins the rally they are rewarded a point and the serve.
There are 6 players allowed on the court at one time (for one team).
Their positions are: Right Back, Center Back, Left Back, Right Forward, Center Forward, Left Forward
When the ball is dead and needs to be given to your opponent, you must roll the ball underneath the net to the opposing team.
If the ball lands inside the lines or directly on the lines the ball is ruled inbounds. If the ball lands outside the lines it is ruled out of bounds.
An “ace” is when the serving team serves the ball and the ball falls to the floor on the opposing team’s side of the court.
The “let serve” is a ball that when served hits the net without touching the net antenna and continues across the net into the opposing team’s court. The “let serve” is a playable, live ball.
No player may hit the ball twice in a row, unless the first touch was made in blocking an opponent’s volley.
The ball can be legally hit with:
Closed first – underhand hit only
Open palm – underhand hit on serve only and overhand hits
Forearm/wrist – underhand “bumping” movement
Fingertips – overhand “setting” movement
It is illegal to hit the volleyball with:
Underhand open palm (other than the serve) – “catch”
Overhand “fling” or “carry”
Overhand closed fist
Primary Foul Calls
1. Carries, catches and flings 2. Serving violations 3. Net violations 4. Illegal hits
-bump a volleyball with correct form. -set a volleyball with correct form. -overhand serve a volleyball with correct form over the net and inbounds. -underhand serve a volleyball with correct form over the net and inbounds.
Physical Education Class Rules:
- It is the serving team’s responsibility to announce the score before their serve. Failure to do so will result in: Loss of serve and a point will be rewarded to the opposing team.
- Team captains are solely responsible for making point and foul calls. Infractions of this will result in a loss of serve and a point will be rewarded to the opponent. If you cannot agree on a disputed call. Then “redo” the serve on the original volley.
- Team captains should call technical fouls for unsportsmanlike conduct by team players. The penalty for a technical foul call is a point award, plus the serve.
Volleyball Skill Instructions:
Volleyball Set •Start in the ready position facing the target. •Spread fingers in the shape of the ball above the head. •Form a triangle with thumbs and pointerfingers (hands should not be touching) or matchup up each of your corresponding fingers. •Place hands directly in front of the face close to the forehead. This position is called “nuetral” and is the starting position for the set. •On contact, extend your elbows and knees to set the ball.
Common Mistakes •Contacting the ball with the palms of the hands. •Facing where the ball is coming from.
SETTING/OVERHAND PASS TEACHING VOCABULARY •HANDS UP EARLY SHAPED LIKE THE BALL •Wait for ball with hands 4 to 6 inches above forehead. •Thumbs and index fingers form a triangle through which you can see ball (triangular window). •Rest of hands form the shape of a ball. ONE AND FREEZE •The correct contact point is just above the forehead. •When contacting the ball, the hands move in one direction only. •Freeze with arms fully extended in the direction you want the ball to go. (Hands are the same distance apart upon completion as they were during coantct.) •Hands follow the ball. FOREHEAD AND HIPS •The correct body position is with the ball, forehead, and hips in a vertical line. FACE THE TARGET •With your right foot forward, square off to target with shoulders and feet before you deliver set •Face your sweet spot (for outside sets - the point on the left sideline that is 3 feet from the center line) for all of your sets LONG DISTANCE SETS •With your right foot forward and knees bent, place weight on the back foot (left) and at contact, transfer weight to the front foot (right).
THE FOREARM PASS/DIG/BUMP •Start in the "Ready Position" - Athletic Stance •Straight arms away from the body •Extend legs and move arms from shoulders •Contact the ball on the FOREARMS •Finish with hands pointing to target Common Mistakes •“Flat Footed” - no movement •Bent elbows •Too much arm swing •Contacting the ball with hands apart •Contacting the ball on the hands not the forearms
TEACHING VOCABULARY •ARMS STRAIGHT AT 90 DEGREES •Be "ready" with arms at 90 degrees from your body. •Bend at the waist - shoulders forward - hips back. •Maintain 90 degree angle between arms and upper body. •Knees should be bent. •Ball should come off the same spot on lower forearms (just above the wrists) each time. •The ball should be contacted at hip level as often as possible. HIPS AND ONE •Keep hips BACK during pass. •If you need to swing your arms, the arms should swing in only one direction (toward target) while passing. REDIRECT •Make sure your forearms face in the direction you want the ball to go. •Start out facing the server, and always face the ball when you pass. •Move to the ball without crossing your feet. •Try to get to the spot before the ball does. CONSISTANT CONTACT POINT